How to take screenshot on Motorola Droid Turbo Smartphone

How to take screenshot on Motorola Droid Turbo is explained in this post.  In different smartphones, we have seen the different methods of taking screenshots, but to take screenshot on Motorola Droid Turbo you don’t need the traditional techniques.

It is very easy to take the screenshot on Motorola Droid Turbo, you have to just press the key combination and screenshot will be taken. To take any screenshot on Droid Turbo Motorola phone, press and hold the power key and volume down key together for two seconds.

Screenshot Droid Turbo

You will hear a screen capture sound and a picture of your screenshot will be automatically taken and stored in the gallery. A notification will also appear on the screen which will tell you that screenshot of Droid Turbo Motorola phone is taken, if you press this notification it open that particular screenshot from the gallery.

This is the simple and quick method to take the screenshot on Motorola Droid smartphone and you can save any important message screenshot, a scene from any video and movie can be captured using this method.

How to Use AirDroid Best File Transfer App For Android Smartphones

Best Android app to transfer files from PC to Android and from Android phone to PC is Airdroid. Airdroid is the one of the best file transfer app for both PC and MAC.  Using the Airdroid app you can not only send files from Android to PC, but you can also send SMS remotely and control your Android phone remotely. AirDroid is a free file transfer app for MAC and Windows computer to remotely share files using the Wi-FI.

AirDroid remotely file transfer app is best for all android smartphones and tablets running on the Jelly bean or other versions of Android. AirDroid app also allowed the screen sharing of your smartphone on the PC or MAC but it required the rooted smartphone. Below are the steps to install file transfer app on android phone and link to download free file transfer app for Android smartphones.

How to Use AirDroid Best File Transfer App For Android Smartphones:

To use app first download AirDroid on your smartphone from the Google play store. Airdroid is a free file transfer app for Android smartphones.

Step 1: Install on your smartphones and create an account or continue without creating an account.

Step 2: Now just open the Airdroid app on your Smartphone and open the browser on your PC and write this address (http://web.airdroid.com)  to open the Airdroid page..

Step 3: An IP address will display on your smartphone screen. Write this IP address on your computer browser, i.e.  http://web.airdroid.com page and it will automatically connect your smartphone with pc.

Step 4: After the setup of the connection between android phone and PC, Now you can transfer files from Android to PC and transfer files from PC to android.File Transfer app for Android

The file transfer app also shown a preview of your device memory and storage status. You can manage the already stored videos, audio and other files using this free file transfer app for android phone.

So, Airdroid is the best file transfer app for android via Wi-Fi from and to PC or MAC systems. The Airdroid file transfer app is very easy to use and provides high speed.  Using Airdroid file transfer app for android you can transfer files free using the Wi-Fi.

Download Internet Download Manager Free Full Version with Crack

Free Download Full Version of Internet Download Manager with crack and Key from the below given link. Internet Download Manager (IDM) is the best software to download anything from the internet. Internet Download Manager has very high speed of downloading as compared to other file downloading softwares. Internet Download Manager is best in performance, speed and reliability because of its dynamic file segmentation and downloading power. To download Internet Download Manager full version for windows then clicks on the download button and enjoy fast downloading.

IDM also supports the feature of stopping and resuming the download files. If due to network failure, connection lost or accidental shutdowns your download is stopped, then IDM offer the ability to resume the downloading where it was last stopped. IDM is very easy to use and using the IDM you can download the videos, audios, PDF documents, Microsoft Word documents, pictures or any downloadable file from the internet. You can download free full version of Internet Download Manager from the below given link.

Download Internet Download Manager

Link 1: Click here to Download Internet Download Manager Free Full Version with Crack.

Link 2: Click here to Download Internet Download Manager Free Full Version with Crack

 

Some important features of IDM are:

  • Stop and resume capability.
  • Support the proxy server.
  • Recover the errors during the downloading.
  • Support the HTTP and FTP protocols.
  • Support downloading of all multimedia formats.

Download Internet Download Manager Free Full Version with Crack:

After installation of IDM, It automatically integrates into different browser and a dialog box appeared whenever there is a downloadable file. IDM supports Opera, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox browsers. Using the IDM you can download the all famous formats such as 3GP, MP4, MP3, MPEG, JPG, GIF, PDF, DOC, FLV and other formats.  To Download Internet Download Manager just click on the download button and enjoy.

You can download Internet Download Manager for Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows Vista. To download IDM just click on the download button and enjoy full version of free IDM software to download files.

What is 4G and everything a Person have to know

What is 4G? This must be your question and you must want to clear and properly understand what is 4G? Here you will get answer of all questions related to what is 4G?

4G is the fourth generation of mobile cellular communication system. 4G is currently using mobile cellular technology to access the internet all over the world with a very high speed. Using the 4G technology you can access the internet from your 4G enabled Smartphones, tablets and laptops via your SIM card, i.e. without the Wi-Fi. Using the 4G technology you can watch the high definition videos, HD- Mobile TV, IP telephony, voice / video conferencing, play games, download data speedily and access the web. This is a basic introduction to what is 4G in layman terms and for understanding of everyone.

Before directly jumping to what is 4G, it is necessary to understand what is G? G is the mobile technology generation that is installed in the mobiles and on the cellular network. With the evolution of G from 1G to 4G, there is a need for new cell phone and changes in network end. 1G mobile network were purely analog and with the evolution of mobile technology they became digital and more complex.

After the 1990s, concept of GSM (2G) was introduced that was the combination of both analog and digital and offer the more data rate and speed as compared to the 1G.  In 2000, 3G was introduced that offers higher speed than the 2G networks. 2G networks were only for voice communications and offers very low speed to access the internet, but 3G systems were designed to provide high data rates to access the internet. I think you might start understating what is 3G? What is 4G? And why these mobile phone generations are moving from 1G (first generation) to 4G (Fourth Generation) and so on.

After the 3G, 4G is start deploying in the various counties and is only standard that provides the very high speed to access the internet that is not possible with any other technology.  WIMAX and LTE are the two types of 4G, these are just like 2G has GSM.  This is a very basic introduction to what is 4G and its.

Data rates / speed of each mobile generation.

1G network (1980):

  1. NMT
  2. C-Nets
  3. AMPS
  4. TACS

1G network provides the 14.4/9.6 kbps data rate to the user.
2G networks (1990):

  1. GSM
  2.  CDMAOne
  3.  D-AMPS

2G networks provide the 100 kbps data rate to the user.

2.5G networks:

  1. GPRS
  2. CDMA2000 1x

2.5 G networks provides the 376 kbps data rate to the user.
3G networks (2000)

  1. UMTS
  2. CDMA2000 1x EVDO
  3.  CDMA2000 3x,
  4. TD-SCDMA,
  5. EDGE
  6.  IMT-2000 DECT

3G networks provide the 2.1 Mbps data rate to the user.

4G technology (2010)

  1. LTE
  2. WiMAX

4G networks provides the 100 Mbps data rate to the user.

Data rates of Mobile Generations
Data rates of Mobile Generations

This is the basic introduction to the all generations of mobile communication system.

Full Concept of Low Pass Filters & Types in Image Processing

In this article we will continue our previous discussion about the frequency domain filtering and discuss the important types of frequency domain filtering. We are discussing in this article about the low pass filters in image processing and in the next article we will discuss high pass filters in digital image processing.

The purpose of using low pass filters in image processing is to perform smoothing which is achieved by blurring. Low pass filters in image processing are very useful and we can achieve the low pass components of an image by converting a spatial domain image into a frequency domain image.

 

Full Concept of Low Pass Filters & Types in Image Processing

Low pass component of an image is obtained by using a low pass filter which attenuates a specific range of high frequencies. You can easily implement low pass filter in Matlab and then try on different images. We use very simple model to perform filtering in the Fourier domain i.e.

G(u,v)=H(u,v)F(u,v)

F (u, v) is the image which we want to smooth and H (u, v) is the filter function which will perform low pass filtering on the original image. G (u, v) is output after attenuating the high frequency components.

There are three main types of low pass filters:

  1. Ideal Low pass filters.
  2. Butterworth Low pass filters
  3. Gaussian Low pass filters

 

1. Ideal Low Pass Filters (ILPF):

The ideal low pass filter is the simplest filter that cuts off all the high frequencies of an image. D0 is the cutoff in this filter. This filter allows the frequencies to pass between origins to D0. All the frequencies outside this cutoff is blocked.

Ideal low pass Filtering
ideal low pass Filtering

Transfer function of ideal low pass filters is:

ideal low pass filters

If an image has M x N size, then its transform will be also of the same size and center of frequency rectangle would be like this:

(u, v) = (M/2, N/2)

 

Fourier transform from the origin to any point (u,v) is following:

ideal low pass filters

When the ideal low pass filter has applied to any image, then it produces the ringing artifact in the filtered image. Ringing artifact of ideal low pass filters (ILPFs) can be reduced by using higher cutoff frequencies.

Results of applying Ideal low pass filtering on digital image are given below:

 

Results of Ideal low pass Filtering
Results of Ideal low pass Filtering

 

2. Butterworth Low Pass Filters (BLPF):

The Butterworth low pass filter is a compromise between ideal low pass and Gaussian low pass filter.Butterwoth low pass Filters

Following is the transfer function of Butterworth low pass filter in digital image processing:

transfer function of butterworth

Here “n” is the order of Butterworth low passing filter, whereas D0 is the cutoff of the Butterworth filter. In Butterworth filter there are no discontinuities or ringing artifact like the ideal low pass filters. If you use order 2 Butterworth filter, then you can see the ringing effects, but order 1 Butterworth low pass filter in image processing have no ringing or circular lines.

A Butterworth low pass filter of order 20 expresses the characteristics of ideal low pass filters.

Results of applying Butterworth low pass filtering on digital image are given below:

Results of Butterworth low pass Filtering
Results of Butterworth low pass Filtering

 

3. Gaussian Low Pass Filters (GLPF):

Transfer function of GLPF is:

gaussian transfer function

D0 is the cut off frequency and D(u, v) is distant from the center.Gaussian low pass Filters

The Gaussian low pass filters in image processing has a lot of applications in our daily life, Gaussian low pass filters are used to fill the small gaps between the characters which are useful in machine or computers automatic recognitions. A Gaussian low pass filter is used for smoothing, make sharper images, softer and smoother.

Results of applying Gaussian low pass filtering on digital image are given below:

Results of Gaussian low pass Filtering
Results of Gaussian low pass Filtering

These three are the basic low pass filters in digital image processing and if anyone wants a complete control on an image then he must have to learn the basics of frequency domain filtering. image enhancement and image smoothing without low pass filtering is not easy. As discussed previously that image processing and smoothing of image is much easy in frequency domains as compared to spatial domain. These are the basic low pass filters in Matlab and in other simulators.

What is Frequency Domain Filtering Concept in Image Processing

In this article we will discuss about the frequency domain filtering in digital image processing. Purpose of frequency domain filtering of images is to separate the low pass and high pass component of the image and then apply different image enchantment, image sharpening, image smoothing, image restoration and other operations.

In 1768 Joseph Fourier stated that a period function can be represented as the sum of Sine’s/ cosines of various frequencies each multiplied by a coefficient. This is known as Fourier series.

The Fourier transform is much better and useful as compared to the Fourier series, any image or function which can be represented in Fourier series or Fourier transform can be recovered or reconstructed completely by just doing inverse process without losing any information.

What is Frequency Domain Filtering Concept in Image Processing

In 1950’s Fourier transform was developed and it brings a revolution in the field of signal and image processing.

There are two main techniques of image processing:

  1. Spatial domain filtering
  2. Frequency domain filtering.

 

Relation between spatial domain filtering and Frequency domain filtering:

Today we are discussing the frequency domain filtering and its types. Multiplication in the spatial domain is equal to the convolution in the frequency domain.  A filter in spatial domain is equivalent to the frequency domain filter. Both domains filter have the same size but filtering in frequency domain is more intuitive than the spatial domain.

We take the image in spatial domain, then convert into the frequency domain by taking its Fourier transform and then apply the filtering in the frequency domain and then convert it back to the spatial domain by taking its inverse Fourier transform. This is the basic technique of frequency domain filtering.

frequency domain filtering
frequency domain filtering

Some important information of images is accessible and controllable in the frequency domain. When we convert an image in the frequency domain, then we have two important frequencies, i.e. Low frequencies and high frequencies.

 

Images in Fourier domain or the frequency domain filtering:

An image in Fourier domain contains the both low frequencies as well as high frequencies.  Low frequencies in the Fourier transform contain more information about the gray level appearance of an image. High frequencies in Fourier transform are responsible for details such as sharp edges and noise.

So you can use two filters to deal with each low pass and high pass frequencies of image when dealing with frequency domain filtering. A low pass filter attenuates high frequencies or block all the high pass frequencies and allow the low pass frequencies  to pass through that’s why it is called low pass filter in frequency domain for image enhancement.

 

Two types of Filters in frequency domain:

There are two main types of filters in the frequency domain which are further subdivided into three other types.

  1. High pass frequency domain Filters
  2. Low pass frequency domain Filters

A high pass filter blocks all the low frequencies and allow high pass frequencies to pass through and that’s why it is called high pass filter in the frequency domain for image processing.

Low pass filter allows you to deal with more gray level information and high pass filter allow you to deal with edges and noise.

Using a low pass filter in image processing you can perform the image smoothing whereas by using high pass filters you can perform image sharpening. There are so many other things which you can perform on images in the frequency domain filtering. Segmentation, image analysis, image processing, color image processing, color image smoothing and much more operations are possible in frequency domain filtering. Mostly purpose of frequency domain filtering is the noise removal, image sharpening and image smoothing.

 

What is Frequency Domain Filtering Concept in Image Processing

Following are the main low pass and high pass filters in image processing:

Types of Low pass frequency domain filters:

  1. Ideal Low Pass Filter
  2. Butter worth Low Pass Filter
  3. Gaussian Low Pass Filter

 

Types of High pass frequency domain filters:

  1. Ideal High Pass Filter
  2. Butter worth High Pass Filter
  3. Gaussian High Pass Filter

To read more about the high pass filters and low pass filter please visit the other articles of images processing by clicking here: Image processing tutorials

What is the Digital Image restoration

In this article we discuss about the image restoration and image restoration and image enhancement are two different techniques. The main purpose of doing digital image restoration is obtaining an estimate of the original image. Image enhancement is related to the subjective studies but the digital image restoration is an objective process in which images are improving in some predefined ways.

Digital Image restoration is reconstruction or recovering the image that was degraded earlier knowledge of the degradation process. Actually digital image restoration is doing the degradation and performing the inverse process to recover the image.

What is the Digital Image restoration

Degradation is a degradation function which executed with and additive noise term and produce a degrade photo.

digital image Degradation Model
Digital image Degradation Model

Output of g (x, y) gives us the knowledge about the H that is a degradation function as well as some information about the additive noise term. The main purpose of doing digital image restoration is obtaining an estimate of the original image.

When we are doing image reconstruction on Matlab or in studies our focus is to estimate to be as close as to the original image as possible. If we know more details or have more information about the H and noise term we are closer to the original image.

We can represent the H in the spatial domain when it is linear and position invariant process. h(x,y) is the image degradation function in spatial domain.Digital image restoration

As you know that the convolution in the spatial domain is equal to the multiplication in the frequency domain. Then the degradation function for digital image restoration is

Digital image restoration

What is the Digital Image restoration

Lets suppose H is the identity operator and for the time being we are dealing degradation due to noise only. Main reason of noise in the images are during the time of image acquisition.

Bad image sensor and environmental conditions are also the reason of noise at the time of image acquisition.

so whatever is the reason there is need to do digital image restoration while doing digital image processing.

2014 Best Happy New Year Messages For Friends Family & Lover

Happy New year to all our readers and if you are also willing to wish new year to all your friends, family and relatives than I am providing a collection of happy new year pictures messages. By wishing the New Year to your friend you will be able to spread the love and you will be able to receive love from others.

From the below given pictures you can send happy new year greetings and pictures via the email, Facebook, whatsapp and Viber. Happy new year SMS and MMS are very common so don’t forget to send Happy New year messages. These are type of happy new year wishing cards which you can email as well. Enjoy the best Happy New Year Cards .

2014 Best Happy New Year Messages For Friends Family & Lover

Year 2014 is near to Start and only 9 days left so don’t forget to wish Happy new year in advance to your best friends and lover. If you are visiting our website from your Smartphone then I will recommend you to download these free happy new year messages and happy new year pictures on your Smartphone directly and then wish new year greetings by just sending an SMS from your Smartphone. Whatsapp, Viber and such other apps are best to wish free happy new year greetings and send happy new year messages.

To download the happy new year messages and happy new year SMS just right click on the below given special pictures and download on your mobiles and computer systems. Hopefully you will like these happy new year messages.

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2014 Best Happy New Year Messages For Friends Family & Lover:2014 Happy new year MessagesHappy new year MessagesHappy new year Messages2014 Happy new year Messages

2014 Best Happy New Year Messages For Friends Family & Lover

These are the best free happy New Year messages or you can say that these are the best happy new year pictures messages. If you are interested to wish 2014 year to your friends via Smartphone apps then this is the best place to download happy New Year messages and greetings.

By wishing and sharing happy moments of your life you can make your life more happy and receive love. Enjoy the top happy New Year messages and we wish you to the happy new year  and blessings. We wish you a happy new year and thanks for liking our website and following us on Twitter and Facebook.

List of Long Battery Life Mobiles, Smartphones & Tablets

A list of Smartphones with long battery life, simple mobile phones with long battery life timing and tablets with long battery life are given so that you can easily decide which device is suitable for you according to battery timing.

Long Battery life mobiles are the first priority for everyone. Mobile phones are launching on a daily basis and it is very difficult to find which mobile phone has long battery life. I am writing this article to help the user who is willing to buy long battery mobile phones. In this article a list of tablets with long battery timing are also given.

There are many Smartphones but Smartphones having only one day battery life and we cannot rely on the Smartphone battery life. I will recommend using two mobile phones one can be a Smartphone and other must be a mobile phone which have long battery timing so that you don’t worry about the battery timing of your phone just like me.

List of  Long Battery Life Mobiles, Smartphones & Tablets

Whatever is the reason of your buying long battery life mobiles phone just check the below given list of long battery timing mobiles. All the below given mobile phone is famous for their good battery life and good battery timing. Just click on the mobile phone names and read the full specifications and features of long battery life mobiles.

 

List of Smartphones with Long Battery Life:

Following is the list of long battery mobiles or smartphones:

  1. LG G2.
  2. Samsung Galaxy note 3.
  3. Motorola Droid Maxx.
  4. HTC one.
  5. LG Lucid 2
  6. HTC 8XT.
  7. Samsung Galaxy S4.
  8. Sony Xperia Z.
  9. Nokia Lumia 1020.
  10. Sony Xperia M.
  11. Apple iPhone 5
  12. Nokia Lumia 520

Above is the complete list of long battery life mobiles phone which are the top Smartphones with long battery timing.

 

List of Tablets with Long Battery Life:

Following is the list of long battery Tablets:

  1.  Amazon’s Kindle Fire HDX 8.9-inch
  2. Lenovo’s Yoga Tablet 8
  3. ASUS’ Transformer Book T100
  4. Apple’s iPad Air
  5. Apple’s iPad mini Retina display
  6. Nokia’s Lumia 2520
  7. ASUS’ Memo Pad HD 7
  8. Microsoft Surface 2
  9. Samsung’s Galaxy Tab 3 8.0
  10. Google Nexus 7 (2013)

Above is the list of the best tablets that have longer battery life or tablets with long battery timing.

 

List of Mobile Phones with Long Battery Life:

Following is the list of long battery mobiles:

  1. Nokia E55.
  2. Nokia 105.
  3. Nokia 103
  4. Motorola V195s
  5. Nokia 1208
  6. Qmobile E6.
  7. Qmobile E5.
  8. Qmobile E760
  9. Qmobile X5
  10. Qmobile E170
  11. LG VX5400
  12. Sony-Ericsson Walkman W580
  13. Motorola RAZR2 V8
  14. Alltel Pantech PN-218
  15. Philips Xenium 9@9

 

List of  Long Battery Life Mobiles, Smartphones & Tablets

Above is the list of simple mobile phones with long battery life, hopefully these lists of long battery timing Smartphones, Tablets and simple mobile phones will help you to buy a long battery life cell phone.

Long battery life mobiles are very necessary for students and tourists who have to spend most of the time outside from home so that they can get rid of charging mobile phone again and again. Long battery mobiles list help you to buy and find a suitable mobile phone for you.

What are the Pre-requisites of digital image processing

If you are a university level student and doing Electrical Engineering, Compute engineering, Telecom engineering, Electronic engineering , software engineering or computer science, then you have to surely study a subject that is known as Digital image processing.  In this lecture you will learn what are the basic courses require studying digital image processing or in technical term what are the pre-requisites of digital image processing.

Digital image processing is very important subjects and has a wide range of applications and it is recognized as the fundamental field in the robotics and computer vision.  So if you are an undergraduate or postgraduate student or just only want to learn the Digital image processing then you need a grip on the some subjects which are pre-requisites of digital image processing.

If you don’t have the grip on few subjects which are required to study the digital image processing and the concepts of digital image processing then you have to face very difficulties but don’t worry today is the era of information technology and if you stuck you can easily understand the concepts using the Google search. So in this article I am listing the pre-requisites of digital image processing so that you can confirm whether you can easily study image processing or not.

What are the Pre-requisites of digital image processing

Following are the pre-requisites of digital image processing.

  1.  Signals and Systems / Digital signal processing.
  2. Programming languages  (C++ and C).
  3. Calculus & probability.  ( Use rarely)

 

Tool use for the simulations of Digital image processing is MATLAB that is used to run the codes. Coding done on the Matlab is just like the C++ so to run different codes you have the knowledge of programming. These are the pre-requisites of digital image processing and you have little idea about these subjects before starting the digital image processing course.